# Half Wave Rectifiers [ Basic Electronics]

Rectifiers Because of the ability of diode to conduct current in one direction and block current in the other direction, It is used in circuits called rectifiers. Half Wave Rectifiers are one of the classification of these rectifiers. Rectifiers convert ac voltage into dc voltage. They are found in all dc power supplies that operate …

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# Voltage Regulation : Line regulation and Load regulation

Voltage regulation is classified into line regulation and load regulation. In line regulation output voltage is regulated when the input voltage changes. The purpose of load regulation is regulating output voltage when theload changes. Line Regulation Line regulation can be defined in percentage and percentage per volt (%/V). To define Line regulation in percentage, it …

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# Op-Amp current voltage converters : constant current source, current to voltage converter, voltage to current converter

This section introduces Op-Amp current voltage converters such as the current-to-voltage converter, the voltage-to-current converter and constant-current source & the peak detector. Constant Current Source using op amp Due to stable voltage supply and virtual ground in inverting terminal a constant current is generated. Input resistance of op-amp is extremely high (ideally infinite), so negligible …

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# Integrator and Differentiator using opamp

Integrator simulates mathematical integration of a function and differentiator simulates mathematical operation differentiation of a function. Here we are discussing about Integrator and Differentiator using opamp. Integration is basically a summing process that determines the total area under the curve of a function. Differentiation is determining the instantaneous rate of change of a function. Op-Amp …

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# Summing Amplifier using op amp

Summing amplifier using op amp have two or more inputs connected to the inverting terminal and non inverting terminal is grounded (Inverting amplifier configuration). Its output will be negative of the algebraic sum of inputs. Hence the name summing amplifier. It have a negative feedback. Summing amplifier have two variations – summing amplifier with unity …

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